In 1877, the Nez Perce or Niimiipuu "the real people" were driven from their native lands by the U.S. Army.  The war, their 1,170 mile flight across three states, and their final capture and surrender lasted from June 17th to October 5. 

I first heard about this 'last Indian war' while traveling in the Pacific Northwes in 2017.  When I discovered I had been traveling over the same route the New Perce had fled on, I decided to travel the route and document the 'memories' of the land.  

This photo project is an attempt at listening to what is whispered, what echoes and was soaked up into the rivers, mountains and grasslands that witnessed the events of 140 years ago.    

The Route

Starting in Clearwater, Idaho, an old Nez Perce hunting trail—parts of which are still dirt, while others are now route 12—climbs over Lolo Pass in the Bitterroot mountains then descends into Montana to the vast grassland in the eastern part of the state.  This is trail Lewis and Clark used to enter into the Nez Perce homeland in the early 1800's.  

From just outside of Missoula, the Nez Perce turned south to the Big Hole, a placthey often camped on their trips east and west. In Big Hole, they thought they’d left the Army behind and took time to cut poles for tipis and rest their horses.  

But they had not lost the Army. In fact, the army was digging rifle pits just outside the camp and perparing for a dawn attack. The surprise attack killed many Nez Perce families. But a counter attack allowed the New Perce to escape. With a loss of life, belongings, and provisions, the remaining group fled to Camas Meadows outside present day Yellowstone National Park. East of Yellowstone, they turned north toward Canyon Creek, Montana.  Eventually they were stopped and rounded up by the U.S. Army at Bear Paw, forty miles from the Canadian border.